HEALTH TERMS EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW - Garki Hospital
  • HEALTH TERMS EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW

    Very often, when we visit the doctor’s office, we mostly just listen and have no idea what the doctor says about our health, we equally assume and sometimes misinterpret statements and think certain terms are a death sentence.
    Well, you obviously cannot know more than the doctor but you should know as little that pertains to your health that you can. Have fun learning some common medical terms:
    1.    Abrasion: a cut, scrape, or scratch
    2.    Abscess: an infection, wound or sore
    3.    Acute: rapid onset or sudden start, brief
    4.    Ambulatory: mobile, able to walk or move around, not confined to bed
    5.    Analgesic: a pain reliever, such as aspirin, Advil or Tylenol
    6.    Anemia: low iron level, which can make you feel tired
    7.    Angina: chest pain
    8.    Antibiotic: a medicine or drug that fights bacteria
    9.    Anti-inflammatory: a drug that prevents or reduces swelling and pain
    10.    Antiviral: medicine that fights viruses
    11.    Atrophy: a wasting-away of tissues in the body
    12.    Benign: not cancer
    13.    Biopsy: process for removing a tissue sample for testing
    14.    BMI: “body mass index,” which is a measure of body fat based on height and weight
    15.    Bowel: the intestine
    16.    Bradycardia: a slow heartbeat
    17.    Catheter: a type of tube used in various medical procedures
    18.    Cholesterol: a type of fat produced in your liver and transported by your blood
    19.    Chronic: long-term, lasting a long time or not having an ending
    20.    Colon: part of the large intestine
    21.    Colonoscopy: a test that looks inside your colon, or intestines, often to check for cancerous growths
    22.    Compression: the act of putting pressure on, or squeezing
    23.    Control: to manage or take power over
    24.    Contusions: bruises
    25.    CT scan: also referred to as a CAT scan, a type of x-ray test or scan
    26.    Edema: swelling
    27.    EHR/EMR: electronic health record or electronic medical record; the high-tech version of your old manila-folder patient file or chart
    28.    Embolism: a blood clot
    29.    Endoscope: an optical instrument that looks like a long, thin tube that is inserted into your body for viewing
    30.    Extremities: your limbs, often in reference to your hands and feet
    31.    Hemoglobin A1C: a test that looks at your blood sugar levels over the past three months
    32.    Hypertension: high blood pressure
    33.    Hypoglycemia: low blood sugar
    34.    Hypotension: low blood pressure
    35.    Inflammation: swelling or soreness
    36.    Influenza: a virus that causes the flu
    37.    Intravenous: putting medication or fluids directly into your veins, which is directly into your bloodstream
    38.    Irrigate: to wash (a wound or an opening)
    39.    Lesion: a cut, sore, wound or injury
    40.    Lipids: types of fats in your blood
    41.    Lumbar: the lower back area
    42.    Malignant: cancer, or cancerous
    43.    Noninvasive: doesn’t require any penetration, like with a needle
    44.    NSAIDs: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which are used to reduce pain and swelling but which can decrease the blood’s ability to clot
    45.    Obese: dangerously overweight
    46.    OTC: over the counter, medications not requiring a prescription
    47.    Palliative: relieving symptoms like pain without curing
    48.    Pneumonia: a serious infection of the lungs and respiratory system that can be caused by bacteria, viruses and other causes
    49.    Polyp: a growth or mass on a mucous membrane (usually not cancerous)
    50.    Renal: related to the kidneys
    51.    Subcutaneous: just beneath the skin
    52.    Susceptible: more likely to catch or be at risk for contracting
    53.    Sutures: stitches
    54.    Terminal: deadly or fatal
    55.    Topical: on the skin or surface of the body
    56.    Varicella: chicken pox
    57.    Vertigo: a condition where you feel dizziness or a whirling motion

    Credit:  Jennifer Larson

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