As a health facility which manages sickle-cell anemia, Garki Hospital marks the world sickle cell day 2018 in order to raise awareness of the sickle cell disease.
Sickle cell is a disorder of the hemoglobin in the red blood cells and it has been recognized as a public health problem. According to the Center for Disease control(CDC) ’75 percent of all patients with SCD live in Sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria alone accounts for more than 100,000 new births every year’.
5 Facts You Should Know About Sickle Cell Disease
A child gets sickle cell disease (SCD) when he or she receives two sickle cell genes – one from each parent.
A child who inherits only one sickle cell gene has Sickle cell trait(SCT). If both parents have either SCD or SCT. It is important for them to discuss this information with each other and with a doctor when making decisions about family planning.
SCD has many faces
The disease affects millions of people worldwide and is especially common among people who come from and whose ancestors come from sub-Saharan Africa; Spanish-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere (South America, the Caribbean, and Central America); Saudi Arabia; India; and Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, Greece, and Italy.
SCD can be cured for certain patients
A bone marrow transplant, which involves collecting healthy cells from a donors bone marrow and transfering it into a patient can cure SCD. However a bone marrow transplant may not be the best choice for all patients because it comes with serious risks. A bone marrow transplant expert can patients about wether or not it is a good choice for them.
Anemia is a common effect of SCD, but it can be treated.
In someone with SCD, red blood cells die out early and are not enough to carry oxygen throughout the body, causing anemia. Infection or enlargement of the spleen, an organ that stores red blood cells may make anemia worse. Blood transfussions are used to treat severe anemia.
A person with SCD can live a long and high quality life
people with SCD can lower their chances of difficulties from the disease and enjoy many normal activities by:
- Getting regular checks with their doctors.
- Following treatment prescribed by their doctor, such as taking medication called hydroxyurea.
- Preventing infections by taking simple steps including washing their hands.
- Practicing healthy habbits by drinking 8-10 glasses of water per day and eating healthy.
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